Risk factors that increase the risk of anal cancer are smoking, HPV infection, anal sex, immunocompromised state.
Many people can live long, healthy lives after being diagnosed with anal cancer. Early detection is the key to healthy living.
According to data collected from 2007 to 2013, the 5-year survival rate for patients with anal cancer was 66.9%. In addition, patients with localized anal cancer have better survival rates. neglect. The residual is 81.3%.
Risk factors for anal cancer
According to Healthline, only about 0.2 percent of anal cancer cases can occur in anyone, but some people are at higher risk than others. Risk factors include:
HPV is a group of viruses that are sexually transmitted and remain in the body after infection. HPV is present in most anal cancers. It is also the leading cause of cervical cancer.
HIV puts people at a high risk of developing anal cancer because it damages your immune system.
Having multiple sexual partners and having comfortable anal sex increases the risk of anal cancer. Not wearing a condom can also increase your risk of contracting HPV, which in turn increases your risk of anal cancer.
Smokers are more likely to develop anal cancer, even if they have quit smoking.
Poor immune system
A weakened immune system can make your body less resistant to anal cancer. It is most common in people with HIV infection, people taking immunosuppressive drugs, or people who have had an organ transplant.
According to the Mayo Clinic, most anal cancer cases occur in people over the age of 50.
Prevent Anal Cancer
There is no guaranteed way to prevent anal cancer, but there are things you can do to reduce your risk:
Practice safe sex
You can practice safer sex by limiting the number of sexual partners, using condoms during sex, avoiding anal sex, and being screened for STIs. frequently. sexual relations.
Quit smoking and try to avoid secondhand smoke.
The three-dose HPV vaccine series is approved for men and women ages 9 to 26. This vaccine protects people from certain types of HPV that commonly cause anal cancer.
If you are at high risk for anal cancer due to other factors, such as family history or age, be sure to discuss your concerns with your doctor.